Undefined Abbreviation List

All of these may be used without definition in APS Journals.

Abbreviation Definition
ACh acetylcholine
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADP adenosine 5′-diphosphate
AM acetoxymethyl ester
AMP adenosine 5′-monophosphate
ANG I, II, III angiotensin I, II, III
ANOVA analysis of variance
ATP adenosine 5′-triphosphate
ATPase adenosine 5′-triphosphatase
AVP arginine vasopressin
BAPTA 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetic acid
BCECF 2′,7′-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein
bp base pair(s)
BSA bovine serum albumin
CaM calmodulin
CaMK Ca2+/calmodulin kinase
CaMKK CaMK kinase
cAMP adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate
CCCP carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone
CCK cholecystokinin
cDNA complementary DNA
CDP cytidine 5′-diphosphate
CFTR cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
cGMP guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate
CGRP calcitonin gene-related peptide
cIMP inosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate
CMP cytidine 5′-monophosphate
cTMP thymidine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate
CoA coenzyme A, acyl-CoA
CRF corticotropin-releasing hormone
CTP cytidine 5′-triphosphate
CTPase cytidine 5′-triphosphatase
cUMP uridine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate
cXMP xanthine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate
DDAVP desmopressin
DEAE diethylaminoethyl
DIDS 4,4′-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid
DMEM Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium
DMSO dimethyl sulfoxide
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DNase deoxyribonuclease
DOC deoxycorticosterone
DOCA deoxycorticosterone acetate
dpm disintegrations per minute
DTNB 5,5′-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid)
DTT dithiothreitol
EC50 concentration giving the half-maximal response
ECG electrocardiogram
EDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
EEG electroencephalogram
EGF epidermal growth factor
EGTA ethylene glycol-bis(β-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N′,N′- tetraacetic acid
EIPA ethylisopropyl amiloride
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMSA electrophoretic mobility shift assay
ERK extracellular signal-regulated kinase
FAD flavin adenine dinucleotide
FADH2 reduced flavin adenine dinucleotide
FBS fetal bovine serum
FCCP carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethyoxyphenylhydrazone
FCS fetal calf serum
FGF fibroblast growth factor
FITC fluorescein isothiocyanate
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
GABA γ-aminobutyric acid
GABAergic γ-aminobutryric acidergic
GAPDH glyceraldhyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
GC-MS gas chromotography-mass spectroscopy
GDP guanosine 5′-diphosphate
GDPβS guanosine 5′-O-(2-thiotriphosphate)
GMP guanosine 5′-monophosphate
GSH reduced glutathione
GSK glycogen synthetase kinase
GSSG oxidized glutathione
GTP guanosine 5′-triphosphate
GTPβS guanosine 5′-O-(3-thiotriphosphate)
GTPase guanosine 5′-triphosphatase
Hb hemoglobin
HBSS Hanks' balanced salt solution
Hct hematocrit
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HEPES N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N′-2-ethanesulfonic acid
HPLC hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
5-HT serotonin (5-hydroxytrytamine)
IBMX 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine
IC50 concentration giving half-maximal inhibition
ICAM intracellular cell adhesion molecule
IDP inosine 5′-diphosphate
IFN interferon
Ig- immunoglobulin (IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, and IgM)
IGF insulin-like growth factor
IKK IκB kinase
IL interleukin
IMP inosine 5′-monophosphate
IRMS isotope ratio mass spectrometry
ITP inosine 5′-triphosphate
ITPase inosine 5′-triphosphatase
JAK Janus-activated kinase
JNK c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase
JNKK JNK kinase
kb kilobase(s)
Ka acid ionization constant
Kd dissociation constant
Keq equilibrium constant
Ki inhibition constant
Km Michaelis-Menten constant
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LH luteinizing hormone
LR-RH LH-releasing hormone
LPS lipopolysaccharide
mRNA messenger RNA
MAb monoclonal antibody
MAPK mitogen-activated protein kinase
MAPKK MAPK kinase
MEK MAPK/ERK kinase
MKK MAPK kinase
MEM Eagle's minimum essential medium
MES 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid
MKP MAPK phosphatase
MOPS 3-(N-morpholino)propanesulfonic acid
MPO myeloperoxidase
Mr relative molecular mass
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone
NAD nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NADH reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NADP nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphatase
NADPH reduced NADP
NF-κB nuclear factor-κB
NGF nerve growth factor
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance
nRNA nuclear RNA
NSAID nonsteroidal ani-inflammatory drug
nt nucleotide(s)
PAGE polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
PAH p-aminohippuric acid
PBS phosphate-buffered saline solution, phosphate-buffered salt solution
PCNA proliferating cell nuclear antigen
Pco2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PDGF platelet-derived growth factor
PET positron emission topography
PG- prostaglandin (PGE, PGF, etc.)
Pi inorganic phosphate
PIPES piperazine-N,N′-bis(2-ethanesulfonic acid)
PKA protein kinase A, cAMP-dependent protein kinase
PKB protein kinase B
PKC protein kinase C, cCMP-dependent protein kinase
PKG protein kinase G, cGMP-dependent protein kinase
PLA phospholipase A
PLC phospholipase C
PMA phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate
PMSF phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride
Po2 partial pressure of oxygen
POPOP 1,4-bis[2-(5-phenyloxazyl)]benzene
PPO 2,5-diphenyloxazole
psi pounds per square inch
PTK protein tyrosine kinase
RIA radioimmunoassay
RNA ribonucleic acid
RNase ribonuclease
rpm revolutions per minute
rRNA ribonuclear RNA
RT reverse transcription
SAPK stress-activated protein kinase
SAPKK SAPK kinase
SDS sodium dodecyl sulfate
SITS 4-acetamido-4′-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid
SKK SAPK kinase
SSC standard sodium citrate
SOD superoxide dismutase
STAT signal transducer and activator of transcription
TAME Nα-p-tosyl-l-arginine methyl ester
TCA trichloracetic acid ( tricarboxylic acid)
TDP thymidine 5′-disphosphate
TEAE triethylaminoethyl
TES N-tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid
TLC thin-layer chromotography
TMP thymidine 5′-monophosphate
TNF tumor necrosis factor
TPA 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate
TRH thyrotropin-releasing hormone
Tris tris(hyrdoxymethyl)aminomethane
tRNA transfer RNA
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
TTP thymidine 5′-triphosphate
TTPase thymidine 5′-triphosphatase
UDP uridine 5′-diphosphate
UMP uridine 5′-monophosphate
UTP uridine 5′-triphosphate
UTPase uridine 5′-triphosphatase
UV ultraviolet
VCAM vascular cell adhesion molecule
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor
VIP vasoactive intestinal peptide
VLDL very-low-density lipoprotein
Vmax maximal velocity, maximal rate of change/transition
XDP xanthine 5′-diphosphate
XMP xanthine 5′-monophosphate
XTP xanthine 5′-triphosphate
XTPase xanthine 5′-triphosphatase